Since 2005, the fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square has had a revolving exhibition of art works. This has been possible for the very simple fact that when the square was being developed in the 1840s, they ran out of money and never got around to putting the proposed statue of William IV on it. Over the last couple of years we've seen a golden boy on a rocking horse and a big blue cock come and go, and last week the newest addition to Trafalgar Square was unveiled by Mayor of London, Boris Johnson. It's called 'Gift Horse' and has been produced by a German Sculptor called Hans Haacke.
A shortlist of 6 contenders is usually drawn up and I guess all the artists are looking to either comment on the space their work will inhabit for 18 months, or make a bold statement of some sort. Back in 2010 Yinka Shonibare put a massive ship in a bottle up there. The ship was of course Horatio Nelson's ship, the HMS Victory and with Nelson himself being the most prominent resident of the square and the fact that the square itself is named after the battle in which he died on board that ship in 1805, it seemed to tick quite a few boxes. Last years 'Hahn / Cock' by Katharina Fritsch seems to have been chosen purely on account of the fact that as the French national emblem it seemed to be rubbing French noses in it ... again. Annoying the French is of course a national pastime. I think Katharina herself suggested it was a comment on the rather phallic centre piece of Trafalgar Square, Nelson's Column. You can see both pictured below.
In 'Gift Horse', Hans Haacke gave himself the best possible chance by throwing everything but the kitchen sink at it. The sculpture itself is apparently based on an etching of a horse by George Stubbs which can be found in the National Gallery about 20 yards away from the plinth. Although, a skeleton, it is still officially a horse, so gives a nod back to the original design of the square and the equestrian statue that never was. Tied around the front leg of the horse is a ribbon on which, if you look closely, is a ticker of the London Stock Exchange, which means very little to me. However, apparently when the whole ensemble is considered as one, it shows the correlation between 'power, money and history'. You could of course add to that list ... art. So there, you have it. I guess, at the end of the day, if some people don't like it, which is inevitable, it's not going to be around for ever. I'm not meaning to belittle 'Gift Horse' so soon after its arrival, but I have to say, that I'm very much looking forward to 2016 and the proposed sculpture 'Really Good' by excellently irreverent artist David Shrigley.
Finally, I took the group photo of Colleen, Matt, Louise and Michael who joined me for my regular Saturday morning walk yesterday with Trafalgar Square's newest edition behind them.
Spitalfields, an area just to the east of the City of London is rich with history and boasts wonderful Georgian streets which as you walk down them, effortlessly wind back the centuries with each step. In fact, I took a photo of the first people EVER to come on a walk with me on one such street, Fournier Street (see below photo).
I feel fortunate to be able to show people around this area and tell them what I know about the fascinating layers of history that make it so unique; the successive waves of immigrants, the 17th Huguenot weavers, the Jewish population, the Bangladeshi’s and their curry houses and the mosque that captures all of these people in one building, the fruit and vegetable market, the Victorian slums, the infamous Jack The Ripper murders, the street artists and the hipsters … and of course the people who have fought tooth and nail to preserve this history.
I meet first time visitors to London who would otherwise not venture to such an area and feel like they are walking through a film set, I’ve met people who were born and grew up in the area and emailed me photos of them as children standing on the doorsteps of their houses in the 1940s and I once met a young Australian who told me that her father had been destitute and homeless in the area in the 1980s and helped by the people of Christchurch Spitalfields, turned his life around and emigrated to Australia. His daughter wanted to see the same streets her father had lived on for herself. The area is oozing so much history and character, that the Gentle Author finds something to write about it every single day.
At the current rate of development, you’ll soon need a magnifying glass and an unprecedented imagination to find any trace of this history and character, as piece-by-piece, street-by-street and building-by-building, Spitalfields and the surrounding areas are being eaten away by greedy property developers and turned in to a bland corporate wasteland.
A little over a decade ago, the Victorian market buildings were effectively chopped in half by Foster + Partners and replaced with a giant greenhouse (see below photo). The Steward Building on the south west corner is almost complete and just today the London Evening Standard reported that the old Fruit & Wool Exchange on Brushfield Street will become a £200 million office block.
On the north side of the market in an area called Norton Folgate you’ll find the intriguing Dennis Severs' House and the delightful Elder Street with it’s early 18th century houses … or at least half of it. The other half was demolished by British Land (the property investment company), in the late 1970s. One of the people responsible for saving the half we’re lucky enough to still have today is Dan Cruickshank. Forty Years later he has another fight on his hands as British Land are intent on redeveloping a huge swathe of the Norton Folgate conservation area (that’s right, it’s a conservation area) in to 13 storey office blocks helping to bring the complete destruction of this remarkable area one step closer.
Re-development and growth are an important part of all cities’ regeneration and success and I would be the first to admit that Spitalfields is today a vibrant and commercially successful area that people flock to. Dan Cruickshank and the Spitalfields Trust have outlined a proposal, which instead of being driven by greed and money with little or no thought for the inhabitants or buildings, seeks to preserve the character of the area and existing buildings, whilst encouraging a diverse range of companies and skills in to the area that can contribute and help it thrive. Elder Street alone is already overshadowed by the Spitalfields Market development to the south (see below photo) and could become a strange demi-model street hemmed in by monster glass buildings rather than a functioning thoroughfare.
Both the Gentle Author and Dan Cruickshank can explain what British Land intend to do and the consequences for the area far more eloquently than myself, so please read, listen and watch and if you feel inclined to try and help to Save Norton Folgate, then The Spitalfields Trust explains who you need to contact.
Dennis Severs' House (18 Folgate Street) have an exhibition about the proposed development on selected days if you have time to pop in.
Bowl Of Chalk
Bowl Of Chalk based shenanigans.